The logistics will help to organize transportation

The St Petersburg’s Big port, the ports of the Leningrad District and the Volga-Baltic waterway systems are for Russia the same “gateways” to Europe through which the lion’s share of export transportations can be conducted. An influence area of the national ports in the Baltic region is not only limited to the territory of Russia alone. The shipments continue to increase over the years, and therefore the need of further developing the home ports has so far become truly a vital necessity.

The Leningrad District administration have closely supported the activities of the Company “Transneft” in all its efforts to widen the capacities of the Baltic gas pipeline system (the BGPS) additionally by 50 million tons of oil. A new oil pipeline is being produced in parallel to the one that already exists. By 2008, the BGPS shall be able to pump out up to 125 tons of oil. Besides, in the town of Primorsk “Transneft” continues to build a terminal with annual capacity of 24 million tons of oil, planning to commence it this year.

The port of Vysotsk will also be developed further wherein the Company “ROSA-Holding” will initiate the construction of three new moorings which shall be able to receive the ships of large deadweight, allowing for the widening of the nomenclature of ships and increasing the shipment turnover in more than three times – up to 16 million tons. The whole capacity of the port Vysotsk will be grown to reach 40 million tons in the future. At present the possibility of building of the fourth line of the RPK “Lukoil II” is being considered.

Construction works continue at the port “Ust-Luga”, which capacity is meant to increase in the forthcoming future from the planned mark of 35 million tons up unto 110 million tons. The coal terminal which is active within the port will be able to reach a 5.5 million tons turnover level. Last year in the port of Ust-Luga a new automobile-railway ferry complex has been opened to enable Russia’s connections with a number of European ports and allowing it to send a direct load of cargo goods towards the Kaliningrad District, bypassing the territories of the Baltic countries. At present the works continue in the port wherein the several new terminals are being built, including one with container capacity of 3 million TEU.

A huge cargo turnover goes on every day via the Saint Petersburg Big port, which further development potential is currently curtailed by the city construction works. Nevertheless, the turnover capacities of the containers alone therein have already reached a mark of 1.5 million TEU per annum.

What impedes the successful functioning of the transportation system of the region in question is inadequately developed transportation-logistics infrastructure. The cargo may stay for a long time in the St Petersburg port; it may either be delayed at a railway road station or might be cleared too slowly by the local custom authorities. These unfortunate circumstances substantially reduce the attractiveness of the Russian ports to those who may have an intention of using them for the purposes of cargo transportation.

For the successful integration into the international transportation system it is imperative to create the logistics terminals, implement the contemporary information technologies, the advanced electronic declaration of goods, etc.

The first steps in this direction have been taken. The logistics terminals are being built in St Petersburg, while in the Leningrad District the first new international transportation logistics centre is currently formed. Here is what the Leningrad District Vice-Governor and the Chairman of the Committee of the Economic Development Mr. Grigory Dvas had to say about this:

«At present the profit share from the transportation activities in the District budget equals approximately 11%, and we are confident that it will not be decreased. Besides, sea transport in the first turn is the main perspective source o f cargo turnover increase.

Over the last several years the District’s economic development has been made possible in the main because of the creation of a wide range of new enterprises in those areas which have been able to integrate in the European and world economy. The terminals and sea ports that have been built over the years in this country continue to increase their work capacities. However, there still exists a pressing necessity in building the logistics terminals across the territory of the Leningrad District. In summer of this year, a French Company plans to complete the construction of the first series of a large logistics terminal and begins to commission about 120 thousand square meters of its storage facilities area. Earlier this year, a Finnish Company has begun to build one more large logistics centre, which completion date is envisaged to be finished by the spring of 2008. Another large logistics terminal will be built by an Italian Company, which in fact is Europe’s largest logistics operator. A few more specialized terminals are currently built or developed by foreign companies. What is interesting here is that a new tendency has developed of late which cannot be compared to those that had existed in recent past: if hitherto the companies had actually preferred to position their terminals closer to Saint Petersburg, then nowadays they would rather have them built further away to enable those to distribute the cargo goods all over Russia with greater speed and efficacy. Taking this into consideration, we have reached a decision to implement a concept of development of the second transportation ring across the city of St Petersburg.

On the whole, in order to find an acceptable solution to transportation problems the region currently faces it is absolutely necessary to create in it an informational space, as well as continue getting involved in the processes of formation of the transportation-logistics infrastructure with potentially as many business partners as possible – both Russian and foreign. In conclusion, I should also like to add that it is exactly the development of the transportation logistics networks that we place our hopes in the subsequent thriving of economy within the entire Leningrad District in general.”

The construction of logistics terminals has become urgently necessary in order to continue maintaining the appropriate operation of the St Petersburg Big port. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of the CSJC “Holding Company Morportservice – Evrotransservice” Mr. Аlexey Мinkin tells about how the transportation situation can be improved:

«The prospects of development of the St Petersburg port are related either to the present modernization of the existing capacities or further development of new terminals. However, taking into consideration the limitations connected with the work of cargo goods auto transport within the city borders, as well as limitations concerning the sea approaching canal, it may be possible to conclude that it is high time to begin seeking the new instruments of realization of a transit potential of our hometown. It still requires the complex development of all its modes of transport, including those of storage transportation, terminal infrastructure, custom authorities, the goods’ insurance and their informational accompaniment; building and development of roads, creation of the service centres to be used by the consumers of the cargo auto transport; and all together, the combined unification of the above components to ensure the greater coordination and end results of our work.

In order to increase the turnover of goods that are transported from various sea terminals it is essential to adopt the practice of using the so-called “dry ports” wherein the cargo might be registered in the rear terminals, while the ports themselves will only be involved in its consequent deliverance. A rear terminal plays the role of a certain buffer located at the meeting point of the sea and other modes of transport, its activities ultimately facilitate the increase in the work capacity of the sea terminals. This, in turn, will substantially increase the transportation and further widen the growing infrastructure of the city.

Having resolved the complex tasks of the modernization of transportation infrastructure of Saint Petersburg, we will be in a position of not only processing with much greater efficiency those cargo goods which arrive in our home port today, but also reaching a higher new level in our work whereby the many goods will be re-directed from the ports of Finland and the Baltic countries to that of St Petersburg and the Kaliningrad District.”

It is also imperative to increase the working capacities of the October Railway – the branch of the OJSC “RZhD”. A new logistics system is being formed on the railway. About five years ago an information logistics centre had been opened and charged with the task of bringing down the transport expenses.

“The Centre works successfully and provides the informational interactions between the railway road and the sea ports of the North-Western Region of Russia”, says the Deputy of Chief of Transportation Services of October Railway Mr Аnatoly Petrov. “The program complex collects the information concerning railway and sea transportation in common database. It also permits to promptly assess the situation and reach effective management solutions. Besides, the Logistics Centre of October Railway has been opened of late, its work activities allowing for the substantial improvement in transportation of various cargo goods. Its other principal task is to provide optimization of trains movement whose end destinations may be the near-the-port and frontier control stations, as well as coordination with the sea ports and railway administration of the Baltic countries and Finland. Among our current business plans is the creation of the Head Logistics Centre, which activities will allow to successfully loop this chain of the export transportation, starting from a cargo sender finishing with the port and border terminal, as well as establishing an accurate system of planning, taking into account the factual possibilities of the ports and railway. The contract conditions that stipulate the responsibilities of all parties involved must be clearly indicated. The Head Logistics Centre of OJSC “RZhD” shall also be able to provide a strict control over the calendar plans of goods’ loading and moving to the ports and border terminals, ensuring at the same time that all technological requirements for loading have been observed.”

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# 2(20), 2007
Ports